Laboratory Services at Selian Hospital

Laboratory Services at Selian Hospital

i. Microbiology: Microbiology services focus on the identification and characterization of microorganisms that cause infections. This includes:

  • Bacteriology: Tests such as Gram Stain, ZN Stain, Crag antigen test, and culture and sensitivity help identify bacterial pathogens and determine the appropriate treatment.
  • Serology: Serological tests like Widal, Brucellar, HIV, and VDRL are performed to detect antibodies or antigens in the blood serum, aiding in the diagnosis of infectious diseases.
  • Hepatitis B & C: Tests to detect and monitor Hepatitis B and C infections.

ii. Parasitology: Parasitology services involve the detection and identification of parasites in various samples. This includes:

  • MRDT (Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test): Rapid testing for the presence of malaria parasites in blood samples.
  • Stool Analysis: Examination of stool samples to detect parasites or their eggs.
  • Urine Analysis: Testing urine samples for the presence of parasites or other abnormalities.
  • High Vaginal Swab: Sampling to detect and identify parasites or infections in the vaginal area.

iii. Biochemistry: Biochemistry services focus on analyzing chemical substances in bodily fluids to assess organ function and diagnose diseases. This includes:

  • Renal Function Test (BUN, Creatinine): Evaluates kidney function by measuring levels of urea nitrogen and creatinine in the blood.
  • Liver Function Test: Assesses liver health by measuring levels of enzymes and proteins produced by the liver.
  • Cholesterol Total: Measures total cholesterol levels in the blood, which is important for assessing cardiovascular health.
  • Bilirubin Total & Direct: Measures levels of bilirubin, a product of red blood cell breakdown, to assess liver and gallbladder function.
  • Protein Total: Measures the total amount of protein in the blood, which can indicate various health conditions.
  • Serum Amylase: Assesses pancreatic function by measuring levels of amylase enzyme in the blood.
  • Uric Acid: Measures levels of uric acid in the blood, which can indicate conditions such as gout.

iv. Hematology: Hematology services involve the analysis of blood components to diagnose and monitor various blood disorders. This includes:

  • Complete Blood Count (CBC): Provides information about the cellular components of blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
  • Blood Group and Cross-Match: Determines blood type and compatibility for blood transfusions.
  • Hemoglobin (Hb): Measures the amount of hemoglobin in the blood, which is important for assessing oxygen-carrying capacity.
  • Sickling Test: Detects the presence of abnormal hemoglobin associated with sickle cell disease.
  • Peripheral Blood Smear: Examines blood cells under a microscope to identify abnormalities in their size, shape, and number.

These comprehensive laboratory services at Selian Hospital play a crucial role in diagnosing diseases, monitoring treatment effectiveness, and promoting overall patient health and well-being.



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